Hyderabad, the capital of the Indian state Telangana, is a historic city noted for its many monuments, temples, mosques and bazaars. The city was originally called Bhagyanagar after Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah's wife Bhagyamati, and prospered under the Qutb Shahi dynasty, in the 16th and 17th centuries. It became popular as a hub of diamond and pearl trading, and lore has it that pearls would be sold spread out on the streets. A multitude of influences has shaped the character of the city in the last 400 years and it continues to develop its role and outlook as part of the booming service industry revolution, as it preserves and popularizes its history.
Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah constructed Charminar in 1591 reportedly as a tribute to God's help in avoiding an epidemic. It is a huge structure with 4 minarets that represents Hyderabad in many places and publications even today. It is a must on the tourist itinerary.
Once regarded as the center of Hyderabad, the magnificent Chowmahalla Palace was the seat of the Asaf Jahi dynasty where the Nizams entertained their official guests and royal visitors. Built over 200 years ago, Chowmahalla is renowned for its unique style and elegance. A synthesis of many architectural styles and influences, the Palace Complex has been meticulously restored.
Hyderabad is known for its pearls. One can get them in most jewelry shops, or head to Laad Bazaar, a very old market popular for bangles. It is located on one of the four main roads that branch out from the historic Chaminar.
Golkonda is a citadel and fort and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty. It is situated 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad. The region is known for the mines that have produced some of the world's most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor, the Hope Diamond, Nassak Diamond and the Noor-ul-Ain.
Hussain Sagar Lake, situated about 2 km from the heart of the city of Hyderabad, connects Secunderabad to Hyderabad. It is the largest artificial lake in Asia and was built during the reign of Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah by Hussain Shah Wali in 1562 AD.